Composite products

Chocolate ice cream isn’t 100 percent cocoa and there are no Fairtrade Standards for milk. Products that contain more than one ingredient are known as composite products. They need to contain a minimum amount of Fairtrade ingredients in the product in order to carry the FAIRTRADE Mark.

In Fairtrade products, all ingredients for which there are Fairtrade Standards must be Fairtrade certified. So, in the case of chocolate ice cream, the cocoa and the sugar must be certified. On such products the percentage of Fairtrade ingredients is displayed on the back of pack. In the case of single ingredient products like coffee, 100% of the product must be Fairtrade certified to carry the FAIRTRADE Mark.

Minimum Fairtrade content

For a food composite product to carry the FAIRTRADE Mark, at least 20 percent of the content must be Fairtrade certified. If a Fairtrade certified ingredient is available, it must be used, regardless of what percentage it makes up in the final product.

The minimum percentages are calculated in weight for solids and in volume for liquids. Added water and/or dairy can be excluded from the calculation if they make up more than 50 percent of the product.   

To find out more, read our fact sheet (PDF) or see section 2.2 of the Generic Fairtrade Trade Standard (PDF) at Fairtrade International.


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