Honey

Honey is a favourite natural sweetener in many cultures. Honeybees live on all continents (except Antarctica), and the variety of plant nectars that bees feed on around the world results in a delicious diversity of honey flavours.

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Beekeepers looking after their hives in Petén. COADAP, Cooperativa Agrícola de Apicultores de Petén, is a Fairtrade certified producer based in Guatemala.
Image © Sean Hawkey

The widespread use of herbicides and pesticides in industrial agriculture is threatening bee populations, and raising serious concerns around future food security – bees pollinate so many of the plants we rely on for food. Small-scale beekeepers – the type who produce Fairtrade honey – can play a key role in fostering an environment where bees can survive and thrive. And conscious shoppers can support these producers, who also face challenges.

Choosing Fairtrade honey makes a difference

Beekeepers in the least developed and developing countries often live in remote areas, which raises their transportation costs and limits the number of potential buyers they can negotiate with. At the same time they often lack good access to information regarding seasonal and regional honey prices. This puts them in a weak negotiation positon with honey traders, which can result in them selling their product at a fraction of its real value.

Climate change is also a challenge. Unpredictable and extreme weather patterns make it difficult for beekeepers and their honeybees to determine accurate harvesting and breeding cycles. Sudden temperature shifts can drastically reduce bee populations and honey yields.

Stringent health and quality requirements in potential export markets can create barriers to entry – many rural beekeepers lack the information and equipment to comply with these. Fairtrade supports them in adapting to these standards by providing trainings and information, as well as a Fairtrade Premium to invest in improvements.

Fairtrade offers beekeepers a number of ways to confront these challenges and grow their businesses.

  • The Fairtrade Minimum Price is the minimum that producers are paid when selling their products through Fairtrade. It aims to cover the average costs of sustainably producing their goods and acts as a safety net when market prices drop. Producers can get the market price when this is higher and can always negotiate for more.

  • The Fairtrade Premium is an extra sum of money paid on top of the selling price that farmers or workers invest in projects of their choice. They decide together how to spend the Fairtrade Premium to reach their goals, such as improving their farming, businesses, or health and education in their community.

  • The Fairtrade Standards are the requirements that producers and the businesses who buy their goods have to meet for a product to be Fairtrade certified. The Standards ensure fairer terms of trade between farmers and buyers, protect workers’ rights, and provide the framework for producers to build thriving farms and organizations.

Many Fairtrade beekeepers are also farmers – the bees they keep help to pollinate crops which they can sell and subsist on. Fairtrade works with beekeepers to establish surroundings in which bees can flourish, for example by advising them on bee-friendly cultivation methods. Many beekeepers have also used the Fairtrade Premium to switch to organic cultivation.

Given the critical role of bees in pollinating plants, their future will affect humanity’s prospects. Working with beekeepers to maintain stable bee populations is in everyone’s interests, and choosing Fairtrade honey is one way you can contribute. Did we mention it’s also delicious?

Looking for Fairtrade Products?

Fairtrade products are widely available. The blue countries and territories on the map below have Fairtrade organizations that promote Fairtrade products. Their websites often include a product finder to show you the full variety of Fairtrade products near you. Even if there isn't a Fairtrade organization where you live, Fairtrade products may still be available – look for our familiar marks on products!